National Science Foundation
Collaborative Research: Impacts of Prior Work Experience on Adult, Non-traditional, Engineering Students
Project PI: Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Mechanical, Civil, and Environmental Engineering, Tagliatela College of Engineering
The proposed project aims to support the persistence of non-traditional engineering students by examining the impact of prior engineering-related work on engineering identity and approach to engineering study. By applying the theoretical framework of multiple identities, this work will collect and analyze qualitative data from traditional and non-traditional engineering undergraduate students at three diverse institutes of higher education: a large public university, a small private university, and a community college, as well as survey data from these institutions and more. This work will illuminate the development of professional identity and its impacts on motivation and persistence for non-traditional engineering students with prior engineering work experience.
A Scholarship Program to Increase Retention in Engineering (ASPIRE): Improving Work-Study-Life Balance
Project PIs: Jean Nocito-Gobel and Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Mechanical, Civil, and Environmental Engineering,Tagliatela College of Engineering; Christopher Martinez, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science
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The goal of this project is to improve student retention, particularly in the sophomore and junior years, for engineering students who show academic potential but are at risk of not completing their studies due to financial concerns and/or life-work-study balance issues. This will be accomplished by: providing scholarships for sophomore and junior level matriculated students based on both financial need and merit; recruiting and providing scholarships to community college transfer students; providing support services including peer tutors, conferences, lectures, presentations, and career planning; and increasing student engagement in college- and university-wide activities that contribute to persistence.
Department of Education
Global Classrooms and Cultural Connections for the 21st Century:
Morocco's Bountiful Perspectives
Project PIs: Halima Belemlih, Humanities and Social Sciences, College of Arts & Sciences; Khadija Al Arkoubi, Business Management, College of Business; Donna Leake, Education, College of Arts and Sciences
Historically and culturally Morocco is and has been at the intersection of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. The University of New Haven (UNH) will provide an opportunity for K-12 educators in Connecticut and pre-service teachers in the UNH graduate education program to participate in a four-week study abroad program in Morocco. The program is divided into three stages. 1) The pre-orientation program includes: Formal and Moroccan Arabic language instruction; on-site lectures; guided readings and dialogue with other participants. 2) An intensive four-week study abroad component including: 40 contact-hours of Formal and Colloquial Moroccan Arabic study; lectures and seminars that cover a broad range of historical and contemporary issues such as politics, religious diversity, multiculturalism, gender, cultural geography, global economies; and K-12 educational policies and practices. Classroom learning will be supplemented by visits to important sites in Rabat, Casablanca, Tangiers, and other locations and home stays. Participants will engage in dialogues with their Moroccan K-12 counterparts. 3) During the post study abroad program participants will complete important products that have four levels of sustainability: student instruction, professional service, community outreach, and global partnerships. A comprehensive evaluation plan, including assessments at every stage of the project, ensures that the goals of the project are achieved and also will assist in project sustainability beyond the term of the grant.
Department of Justice
The Effects of Increased Prescribing of Psychotropic Drugs to children and adolescents on Trends in Juvenile Delinquency and Violence: Empirical Analysis Using State-Level Panel Data
Project PI: Maria Tcherni, Criminal Justice, Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice & Forensic Sciences
The proposed research project intends to test a novel possible explanation for the Great American Crime Decline of the 1990s and 2000s: the increasing rates at which psychotropic drugs are prescribed, especially to children and adolescents. Since children growing up in poverty are more likely to engage in violence, the increasing prescribing of psychotropic drugs to this group is hypothesized to lead to decreases in youth-perpetrated violence. Dr. Maria Tcherni at the University of New Haven proposes to test these hypotheses using a state-level panel data set including yearly measures (1990-2013) of the following: juvenile delinquency and violence, psychotropic drug prescribing to children and adolescents, and relevant control variables associated with these two sets of measures at the state level. Fixed effects panel data analyses will be performed to estimate the relevant models.
Enhancing Community Policing Through Community Mediation: An evaluation of its cost and effectiveness
A Clinical Model of Educating Police Executives for Sustainable Change
The University of New Haven (UNH) proposes to develop a model regional Community-Oriented Policing (COP) executive-level academy (clinic) that uses a nascent pedagogical model combining clinical, context based education and concepts from knowledge management. These educational concepts will be used to develop a hybridized, prototypical curriculum and learning environment to build a base of educated police leaders who are capable of partnering with research organizations and competent in evaluating the need and practical application of COP research to practice.
Impact of Forensic Evidence on Arrest and Prosecution
Project PI: David A. Schroeder, Criminal Justice, Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice & Forensic Sciences
In September of 2010 the NIJ published The Role and Impact of Forensic Evidence in the Criminal Justice System, a report chronicling a study conducted by Peterson, Sommers, Baskin, and Johnson (2010). This proposed research is centrally focused on eight of the ten research recommendations made in the Peterson, et al (2010) report. The goal of the proposed research is to further our understanding of how the presence of forensic evidence relates to case clearance and conviction. As with Peterson, et al. (2010), this research has four research objectives: 1) estimate the percentage of cases in which crime scene evidence is collected; 2) discover what kinds of forensic evidence are being collected; 3) track such evidence through the criminal justice system; and 4) identify which forms of forensic evidence are most efficacious given the crime investigated.
UNH Campus Program to Reduce Violence Against Women
The goal of the project is to reduce sexual assault, dating and domestic violence, and stalking on the UNH campus. In order to accomplish this, the following objectives were developed: 1) Develop and implement mandatory education for all incoming first year students; 2) Establish the Committee on Violence Prevention and Intervention (CVPI) to review campus policies and procedures related to violence against women (VAW); 3) Increase campus awareness of VAW; 4) Increase support and services for victims, and; 5) Train Peer Educators, key campus personnel, Campus Police, and West Haven Police Department detectives on sexual assaults, dating and domestic violence, and stalking.
Department of Homeland Security
Design and Development of the Artifact Genome Project (AGP)
The output from this proposed project would allow UNH the ability to create the digital forensic artifact database we term AGP. To the best of our knowledge, this will be the first scientific project to attempt to create a comprehensive database of digital forensic artifacts. This database is important because it will help future investigators quickly identify digital forensic artifacts that may end up becoming digital evidence. AGP can be queried for informational reasons, but can also be integrated into digital forensic tools. If integrated into tools, it can help automate the process of recovering low-hanging-fruit artifacts in a timely manner, providing the tools and examiners with pre-raid knowledge for artifact identification and analysis.
Connecticut Small Business Innovative Research
in collaboration with Anchor Science LLC
Material Characterization Research on a Novel Thermal Interface Material (TIM)
Project PI: Saion Sinha, Department of Math and Physics, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science, College of Arts and Sciences & Tagliatela College of Engineering
Thermal Interface Material (TIM), developed by research partner/collaborator Anchor Science LLC, has exhibited outstanding thermal properties when compared to the competing available materials. This research project is anticipated to provide a better understanding of the reason leading to the TIM exhibiting such unique thermal properties.
Connecticut health and educational facilities authority
State of Connecticut Office of Policy and Management
Project Longevity UNH
Building on Boston’s 1996 Operation CeaseFire strategy, in July 2012, the University of New Haven police research team and Yale University began working with the New Haven Police Department, the US Attorney’s Office, the State’s Attorney’s Office, and the offices of probation and parole to implement a plan to reduce gun violence, Project Longevity. Project Longevity focuses the efforts of all levels of law enforcement agencies, service providers and community groups on the most violence-prone offenders in the city. It acknowledges the group-nature of violent offending by “calling-in” those people who are most likely to perpetrate or to be victims of gun violence. During this “call-in”, representatives from the above-listed agencies deliver a message that the violence must stop. Community members and service providers then offer immediate and direct opportunities to promote pro-social behaviors to any of those in attendance. By delivering this “carrot-and-stick” to the key violence-prone players in the community, the strategy influences the influential. The message spreads, and the violence rests.
State of Connecticut justice assistance grants
State of Connecticut Department Of Energy and Environmental Protection
The Long Island Sound Mapping and Research Collaborative (LISMARC)
PI: Roman Zajac, Biology & Environmental Science, College of Arts & Sciences
In June 2004, a settlement fund was created for the purpose of mapping the benthic environment of Long Island Sound (LIS) to identify areas of special resource concern, as well as areas that may be more suitable for the placement of energy and other infrastructure. This activity shall assist managers in the State of Connecticut, the State of New York, Connecticut and New York Sea Grant, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) meet their mandates to preserve and protect coastal and estuarine environments and water quality of Long Island Sound, while balancing competing human and energy needs with protection and restoration of essential ecological function and habitats.
FOUNDATIONS and PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS
Davis Education Foundation
Entrepreneurship in Engineering Education
This project includes several initiatives related to the KEEN vision: Introduce entrepreneurial concepts and sustainability concepts in TCoE programs; Develop and adapt international curricular opportunities for students; Further strengthen internship programs and opportunities for students; Increase participation of undergraduate and graduate students in research; Increase local and global community-based service learning activities.
Model for Keen Institutional Integration with Emphasis on the Second Year Experience (SYE)
Project PIs: Amy Thompson, Industrial, System & Multidisciplinary Engineering, Tagliatela College of Engineering and Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Mechanical, Civil, and Environmental Engineering, Tagliatela College of Engineering
The purpose of this program is to create a model for integrating KEEN initiatives and student outcomes (KSOs) across four-year engineering programs in the Tagliatela College of Engineering, with special focus upon integration within the second year engineering analysis courses. This research will lead to the development of a formal model, called KEEN across the Engineering Curriculum (KatEC) Model, to help the TCoE with KEEN curriculum development and KSO integration at UNH. This model will support an institution-wide curriculum initiative to integrate KEEN into courses and programs by: supporting the student achievement of KSOs at UNH; developing intrapreneurship mindsets and skills; supporting the institutional experiential education mission of UNH; supporting UNH's continued effort to strengthen ties with our regional engineering community, involving local companies, professional societies, advisory board members, and practitioners in UNH TCoE initiatives.
New England Integrating Curricula with Entrepreneurial Content (ICE) Workshop
The University of New Haven, Lawrence Technological University, and Saint Louis University facilitated a one-week summer workshop for engineering faculty from KEEN institutions located in the New England and mid-Atlantic region (New Haven, Widener, Western New England, Union, Villanova, Bucknell, and Boston). The five-day workshop at the University of New Haven replicated and expand upon previous workshop offerings and included experiential training on how to incorporate entrepreneurial mindset skills. During the project, Lawrence Tech and Saint Louis University faculty engaged faculty members to develop and implement best practices of introducing students to KSOs through meaningful engineering challenges.
Characterization of Borrelia Biofilm in Juman Erythemia Chronicum Migrans and Tick Midgut Tissues
Project PI: Eva Sapi, Biology and Environmental Science, College of Arts and Sciences
This project will explore the hypothesis that Borrelia biofilm structures exist in vivo in Borrelia infected human and tick tissues. This hypothesis is based on our published in vitro data, which shows that laboratory Borrelia strains are capable of making biofilm structures and other preliminary results showing Borrelia aggregates in human Erythema Chronicum Migrans and tick midgut tissues.
Quinnipiac River Fund