Anne Li Kringen, Ph.D.

Anne Li Kringen, Ph.D. Image
Associate Professor
Assistant Dean

Criminal Justice Department
Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic Sciences
Education

Ph.D. in Criminal Justice, Texas State University, 2014
Masters in Criminal Justice, Boston University, 2009
B.A. in International Affairs, University of Mary Washington, 2005

About Anne

Anne Li Kringen is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of New Haven where she also serves as Assistant Dean for the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic Sciences. Her research focuses on organizational issues in policing, specifically factors issues that affect diversification and organizational development.

Dr. Kringen’s work employs mixed methods utilizing both quantitative and qualitative approaches together to provide more in-depth understanding of issues in policing. Dr. Kringen has served as a research consultant to a variety of funded projects including evaluating marketing efforts and hiring strategies in a major metropolitan sheriff’s department and evaluating issues related to processing of forensic evidence in sexual assault investigations.

Her recent work includes categorizing variation in foot patrol strategies, considering the impact of civil service rules and agency-specific hiring guidelines on women and individuals of color, as well as developing an evidence base to guide how recruiting and applicant processing might better retain diverse candidates. Dr. Kringen has published works in Gender, Work, and Organization, Feminist Criminology, Criminal Justice Policy Review and Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

In addition to her research, Dr. Kringen also serves on the International Association of Chiefs of Police’s Research Advisory Committee and was recently selected to brief Congress on her findings.

Dr. Kringen received her Ph.D. in criminal justice from Texas State University in 2014. Her dissertation, Understanding Barriers That Affect Recruiting and Retaining Female Police Officers: A Mixed Methods Approach, was completed working as a nested researcher within a major metropolitan police agency. The project was recognized with the Outstanding Dissertation Award given by the Graduate College at Texas State University. She was formerly a police officer in Alexandria, VA.

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Research Interests

Policing, Gender and Race in Criminal Justice, Mixed Methods Research Designs

Recent Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Haigh, C., Kringen, A.L. & Kringen, J.A. (2018). Mental Illness Stigma: Limitations of Crisis Intervention Team Training. Criminal Justice Policy Review, OnlineFirst.

Novich, M., Kringen, A.L & Hunt, G. (forthcoming) "They can’t search her": How Gender Imbalances in the Police Force Contributes to Perceptions of Procedural Unfairness. Feminist Criminology.

Kringen, A.L. & Novich, M. (2017). Is it "just hair" or is it "everything"? Embodiment and gender repression in policing. Gender, Work, and Organization. 25(2), 195-213.

Kringen, A.L. & Kringen, J.A. (2017). Outside the Academy: Learning Community Policing through Community Engagement. Ideas in American Policing.

Kringen, A.L. (2016). Examining the Role of Civil Service Commissions on Municipal Police Diversity. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27(5), 480-497.

Kringen, A.L., & Kringen, J.A. (2015). Identifying Barriers to Black Applicants in Police Employment Screening. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 9(1), 15-25.

Kringen, A.L. (2014). Scholarship on Women and Policing: Trends and Policy Implications. Feminist Criminology, 9(4),367-381.

Other Publications

Kringen, A. L. & Novich, M. (2019). Sexual Harassment and Discrimination. In C. Rabe-Hemp and V. Garcia (Eds.) Women Policing the World: Shared Challenges and Successes in the Integration of Women Police Worldwide. Rowman & Littlefield.

Kringen, A. L. (2019, Winter). Increasing Female Participation in Policing through Researcher-Practitioner Partnerships. Translational Criminology.

Kringen, A. L. (2019). Evaluating analysis and results sections: Mixed methods research. In F. Pyrczak and M. Tcherni-Buzzeo (Eds.), Evaluating research in academic journals: A practical guide to realistic evaluation, 7thed. New York: Routledge.

Cowell, B.M. & Kringen, A.L. (2017, March). Research in Brief: Leveraging Foot Patrol to Strengthen Community-Police Relations. Police Chief, 14-15.

Cowell, B. & Kringen, A.L. (2016). Engaging Communities One Step at a time. Police Foundation, Washington, DC.

Kringen, A.L. (2016). Females and the Police Academy. Encyclopedia of Women and Crime.

Kringen, A.L. (2014). "Race, Rape, and Disparity: A Historical Perspective" in S. Bowman (Ed.), Color Behind Bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison System. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Invited Talks

Kringen, A.L. & Kringen, J.A. Outside the Academy: Learning Community Policing through Community Engagement. Ideas in American Policing. Invited talk by the Police Foundation, Washington, DC. August 18, 2017.

Conference Presentations

Kringen, A.L. (2018). Author Meet Critics: Thriving in an All Boys Club: Female Police and Their Fight for Equality. Panelist at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Atlanta, GA.

Kringen, A.L. (2018). Women’s perceptions of policing careers: Understanding recruiting challenges. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Atlanta, GA.

Novich, M., Kringen, A.L., & Hunt, G. (2018). “They can’t search her”: How Gender Imbalances in the Police Force Contributes to Perceptions of Procedural Unfairness. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Atlanta, GA for Special Issue panel (sponsored by Division of Women and Crime and Feminist Criminology).

Allen, I. & Kringen, A.L. (2018). Military sexual assault training: Service members’ perceptions on training efficacy and effective programmatic content areas. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Atlanta, GA.

Kringen, A.L. & Kringen, J.A. (2017). Community Policing and the Academy: Does Community Interaction Impact Police Recruits’ Developing Attitudes? Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Philadelphia, PA.

Novich, M. & Kringen, A.L. (2016). They Can’t Search Her: How Gender Imbalance on the Police Force Contributes to Perceptions of Procedural Unfairness. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Ndrecka, M. & Kringen, A.L. (2016). Justice Reinvestment: A Review of the Existing Literature. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Kringen, A.L. & Novich, M. (2015). "Just hair" or is it "Everything": Perceptions of Haircut Policy in Policing. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Washington, D.C.

Spano, R., Kringen, A.L, & Kringen, J.A. (2015). Can Police Observational Data be used to study Police Deviance? Evidence from a large scale observational study of police. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: Washington, D.C.

Kringen, A.L. (2014). Understanding Gender Integration: Female Recruits and the Police Academy. Paper presented at the Asian Association of Police Studies Conference: Tokyo, Japan.

Kringen, A.L. (2014). Using a Sequential Explanatory Design to Understand Tokenism within Police Academy Classes. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting: San Francisco, California.

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